Subtitle: Build on SVG basics to create attractive, dynamic effects in your Web projects
Synopsis: Learn how to use dynamic features of Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) to provide useful and attractive effects in your Web applications. SVG 1.1, an XML language for describing two-dimensional vector graphics, provides a practical and flexible graphics format in XML. Many SVG features provide for dynamic effects, including features for integration into a Web browser. Build on basic SVG techniques introduced in a previous tutorial.
Lead-in: SVG is a technology positioned for many uses in the Web space. You can use it to present simple graphics (as with JPEG) or complex applications (as with Macromedia Flash). An earlier tutorial from June 2006 introduced the basic features of the format. This tutorial continues to focus on SVG for Web development, as it demonstrates dynamic effects that open up new means of enhancing Web pages. The lessons are built around examples that you can view and experiment with in your favorite browser.
Developed by the W3C, SVG has the remarkable ambition of providing a practical and flexible graphics format in XML, despite the notorious verbosity of XML. It can be developed, processed, and deployed in many different environments -- from mobile systems such as phones and PDAs to print environments. SVG's feature set includes nested transformations, clipping paths, alpha masks, raster filter effects, template objects, and, of course, extensibility. SVG also supports animation, zooming and panning views, a wide variety of graphic primitives, grouping, scripting, hyperlinks, structured metadata, CSS, a specialized DOM superset, and easy embedding in other XML documents. Many of these features allow for dynamic effects in images. Overall, SVG is one of the most widely and warmly embraced XML applications.
Dynamic SVG is a hot topic, and several tutorials and articles are available that include fairly complicated examples of dynamic SVG techniques. This tutorial is different because it focuses on a breadth of very simple examples. You will be able to put together the many techniques you learn in this tutorial to create effects of whatever sophistication you like, but each example in this tutorial is simple, clear, and reasonably self-contained. The tutorial rarely deals with any SVG objects more complex than the circle shape, and it keeps embellishments in scripting and XML to a minimum. The combination of simple, step-by-step development and a focus on real-world browser environment makes this tutorial unique.
Pay attention to that last paragraph. There are many SVG script/animation tutorials out there, including several by IBM developerWorks, but I found most of them don't really suit my learning style, and i set out to write a tutorial that would have been ideal for me when I was first learning dynamic SVG techniques. The tutorial covers CSS animation, other scripting techniques and SMIL declarative animations. It builds on the earlier tutorial “Create vector graphics in the browser with SVG”.
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